2019 COP26 at a glance: What you need to know

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COP26 in Poland

The long-running negotiations over the final text of the Paris Agreement ended on Monday morning, but the summit did little to reach a consensus on climate issues for this round of climate talks.

Read more: Paris agreement deadlocked in Warsaw: Here’s what you need to know

The text acknowledged the Paris Agreement’s goal of keeping global temperature rises to below 2 degrees Centigrade – but it did not add a specific reference to a “global warming of 1.5 degrees Celsius”. A 1.5 degree goal would mean that climate action in the coming years is largely confined to limiting fossil fuel emissions.

Some senior government officials have said they do not support the 1.5 degree figure, while others insist it remains a goal and not a hard target.

Nations at COP26 at the conference agreed to focus this year’s negotiations on how to scale up climate finance and to tackle deforestation – two key drivers of climate change.

Strong endorsement of fossil fuel and mining regulations

Chinese pledge

A so-called “bad” agreement that “puts the cart before the horse”

Climate minister to set out the challenges for climate targets over the next few years

With less than a year before a crucial international climate conference in Katowice, Poland, world leaders came up short in a bid to meet the Paris climate change deal.

At the conclusion of the 11-day Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on Monday, a document agreed by the Conference of the Parties had just 14 paragraphs, including a joint pledge by China and the US to cooperate on limiting global warming to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius, and preparing to cap the increase at 1.5 degrees.

At COP21 in December 2015, after lengthy and occasionally difficult negotiations, a Paris Agreement was signed that seeks to keep global temperature rises well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

Negotiators in Poland were aiming to conclude two key documents at COP26: the Paris Agreement’s new “roadmap” to “keep global warming below” 2 degrees; and a pledge to ramp up climate finance in the fight against climate change.

The COP adopted a new roadmap on Monday, which brought together the two supporting documents – the Paris Agreement’s roadmap and the Katowice agenda, as well as an interactive statement on finance – in one document.

Some negotiators expected a second “roadmap” to accompany the text as the conference wore on. But this new statement did not contain any explicit commitment to full implementation of the Paris Agreement, the Associated Press reported.

At a press conference following the final and informal adoption of the roadmap, the President of the EU Council of Ministers, Donald Tusk, said he was “frustrated with the state of disunity”, and accused those countries reluctant to sign the agreement in Paris of putting “the cart before the horse”.

“We are here for progress, but not doing disunity,” he added.

Meanwhile, a group of European climate commissioners – including France’s Eliane Perrier, the Czech Republic’s Tomas Prouzaš, and Germany’s Sven Giegold – called for a renegotiation of the Paris Agreement before Katowice.

At COP24 in Katowice, leaders from 195 countries pledged to continue to work on implementing the 2015 deal. China’s chief negotiator Zhou Shengxian said at COP26 that it would take a “long time” to overcome the setbacks that have plagued the implementation of the Paris Agreement, reported AP.

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